The barbaric leaders of China, Europe & the USA have it all twisted! See Too Many Africans by Stephen Corry which breaks it down in simple, easily digestible terms. For a more meaty & foundational analysis, see Walter Rodney’s How Europe Underdeveloped Africa.
Since China is the new “neocolonial power” in Africa, let’ me touch on it a bit. Trade between China and Africa was worth more than $200 billion in 2019, 20 times what it was in 2000. Many Africans – & others – say that China is a better partner than Europe or the U.S. However, China’s extraction of billions of dollars in African resources, which are used to make the manufactured goods that are then sold back to Africans at a marked-up
price, is the essence of European colonialism, without the extreme brutality. This results in the same outcome where the value and money from the natural resources go to the
West and East Asia rather than Africa, further causing poverty, misery & underdevelopment in much of this vast, beautiful cradle of Humankind.